On the other hand, International Baccalaureate (IB) education offers programs for the Primary Year Programme (PYP), the Middle Year Programme (MYP) and the Diploma Programme (DP). The programs offered at IB are carefully designed to helps students develop their personal, emotional, social and intellectual skills to work, learn and live amidst globalization.
The IB program is mainly composed of six subject areas which include individuals and societies, language and literature, experimental sciences, language acquisition, the arts, computer science and mathematics. There are also three additional elements included in the program namely learning outside the classroom, theory of knowledge course and an essay which is about 4,000 words.
Compared to VCE programs, assessments and classes in IB education focus more on writing, hands-on evaluation and research. Moreover, final exams in IB, which are often essays, are constructed to be challenging (e.g. analyzing a case study) so as to carefully assess the students’ potential in reacting to new information for a limited time. Apart from this, IB education also focuses on asking questions and probing answers wherein students will be up for a debate with teachers upon dealing with the topics they have chosen to discuss. In accordance to the continuous evolution brought about by rapid globalization, teachers in IB take part in a multitude of professional development programs that encourages professional development.